ISO 9001 Requires that you maintain control of documents
Establish a documented procedure to:
- Approve documents for adequacy prior to issue
- Review, update as necessary, and re-approve documents
- Identify the changes and current document revision status
- Make relevant documents available at points of use
- Ensure the documents remain legible and readily identifiable
- Identify external documents and control their distribution
- Prevent obsolete documents from unintended use
- Apply suitable identification if obsolete documents are retained
Control of Records
Establish and control records as evidence of conformity to requirements and to demonstrate the effective operation of the quality management system.
- Keep records legible, readily identifiable, and retrievable.
What Documentation ISO 9001:2015 Really Requires?
It appears this evolution is not only to accommodate more modern forms of communication such as video, audio, and other electronic records, but to allow an organization the flexibility to reuse appropriate information, maintain current versions easier, provide broader access/distribution and reduce costs associated with documentation. (Note: This change does not require changing mediums and allows an organization to also reuse existing QMS documentation, as long as it conforms. See explanation below.)
The Changed Nature of ISO 9001 Documentation
The ISO 9001:2015 standard has removed the distinction between documents and records. Both are now called “documented information”. As per ISO’s definition, the term “documented information” refers to information that must be controlled and maintained. Therefore, it expects that you also maintain and control the medium as well as the information. Documented information is used as evidence of conformance.
Having It Your Way (Sort Of)
ISO 9001:2015 essentially allows the organization to tailor the completeness or complexity of documentation to its own situation, as long as it still achieves its overall objectives. The shift does not, however, lessen the requirement for proper documentation. As noted in the standard, “documented information” can be required:
- When information needs to be disseminated or shared.
- To prove (and retain that proof) that a quality process has been completed and what the results were.
- To retain organizational knowledge including:
- Specifications and revisions
- Goals and expectations
- Monitoring and measuring
- Analysis, reviews, evaluations, and validations
- Decisions made
- Actions taken
- Assets, inventories and property management
- Position descriptions and qualifications
So What Is Required?
ISO 9001:2015 clause 7.5, requires an organization to:
“Maintain documented information to the extent necessary to support the operation of processes and retain documented information to the extent necessary to have confident that the processes are being carried out as planned.”
ISO’s Guidance on the requirements for Documented Information of ISO 9001:2015 provides these guidelines on what to document:
- Documenting critical portions of the quality management system (QMS) such as its scope, key operational processes, policies, and objectives.
- Documenting important, but perhaps less critical information that supports the QMS such as process flowcharts, specific quality and operational procedures, schedules, information collection approaches (i.e. forms, surveys), business plans, etc.
Will a Quality Manual be required?
The short answer is that under ISO 9001:2015, a quality manual will not be required. The ISO 9001:2015 standard does not specify requiring a formal quality manual. However, a quality manual can still satisfy the requirement for documented information concerning:
In many cases, the information required by the QMS will still be most convenient and accessible if collected, published and maintained through a traditional quality manual format.
As noted in section 7.5, the standard still applies traditional rigor in updating, protecting and retaining documents for information that has been deemed a critical part of the QMS (and other related management systems). There are many specific clauses that essentially call for this documentation (see sample section from ISO documented information guidance below) integrity.
While ISO 9001 2015 documentation requirements are less restrictive than previous revisions, there are still specific instances where documented information must be recorded and retained by the organization’s evidence of achieved results, as noted above.
What Is Most Important
Whether an organization has an existing QMS or is just starting, the key is to let the processes that are used to meet its goals determine documentation requirements. If documentation that exists can be shown to support the QMS’ processes effectively, then it can and should be used for that goal. If not, then the appropriate level of effort to transform or re-purpose that documentation into the proper function should be applied.
This flexibility does not, however, relieve the organization from being able to prove that it is meeting its quality management goals. As noted above, the standard has many instances where it calls for specific evidence of conformity. Documentation must accordingly be accurate, objective and current in this regard, and in practice, must stand up to the scrutiny that a properly executed external audit will demand. So, while ISO 9001:2015 is more accommodating regarding documentation directives, the discipline used in compiling previous revision’s quality management system requirements may still be a viable approach.
Please note that certain text from the ISO 9001 standard is only used for instructional purposes. Standard Stores recognizes and respects the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) copyright and intellectual property guidelines.